Аудиокурс к учебнику - Приложения

Английский язык - Книга для учителя 8 класс О. В. Афанасьева - 2015 год

Аудиокурс к учебнику - Приложения

Unit 1

No. 1. Exercise 2. Listen to the questions and answer them.

1. Have you ever thought about your future career? Have you made any decision?

2. What do your parents and friends advise you to do as a job?

3. Would you prefer to work with your hands or with your brain? Are there any jobs you would or wouldn’t like to do? What are they?

4. What do you feel about working with people? Name some occupations where you work with people.

5. Would you like to work with machines? Name some occupations where you work with machines.

6. Is it important for you how well-paid your future job is going to be? What is more important — to have a well-paid but not very interesting job or a job that interests you but is less paid? Explain why.

7. Is it important for you to have a prestigious job? What jobs are prestigious nowadays?

8. What are you good at? Are you good at the things you like doing? Do you think these activities can help you in your future career?

9. Is it important for you to have a good career? What do you have to do to make a good career? What do people mean when they say “to make a good career”?

No. 2. Exercise 16. Listen to the text “Unusual Jobs: A Bodyguard” and do task A in your Student’s Book.

См. учебник, с. 9.

No. 3. Exercise 32. A Listen to the proper way of offering a suggestion in English and repeat the phrases.

См. учебник, с. 20.

B. Listen to the possible reactions to the offered suggestions and repeat them.

См. учебник, с. 20.

C. Listen to the sample dialogues and repeat them.

Dialogue 1: — If I were you, I’d go to university after leaving school.

— I’m afraid, that’s not quite in my line. I’m thinking of becoming an automechanic.

Dialogue 2: — I strongly advise you to become a primary school teacher.

— That is all right with me. I’ve been thinking of this career myself.

Dialogue 3: — Have you ever thought of trying your hand at painting?

— That’s a good idea, but I’m not sure I’m so good at it.

Dialogue 4: — It might be a good idea to learn to drive a car.

— That suits me very well. I love cars.

No. 4. Exercise 46. Listen to the text “But You Promised You Wouldn’t Tell” and do tasks B, C, D, E in your Student’s Book.

But You Promised You Wouldn’t Tell

(After Bel Mooney)

Dad was going to be in charge this Saturday again. It happened a lot nowadays, because Kitty’s Mum’s job meant that sometimes she had to work on Saturdays.

She was in a bossy mood that morning. “There’s a lot of salad in the fridge for lunch,” she said, “and I want you to eat it up.”

The children protested.

“Rabbit food. I don’t care for salad,” said Daniel.

“I don’t want to eat silly salad either,” said Kitty. “Can’t we have something else?”

But Mum told them off. She knew that salads and stuff like that were a healthy food and could do them a lot of good. “Give the salad a try,” she said. “You’ll see it isn’t all so bad to have salad for lunch. And remember once and for all NO biscuits for elevenses. They’re bad for your teeth. I know it for a fact. ”

Mum took her coat and walked off. Kitty looked at her father and at the top of her voice shouted, “I don’t like the flavour of salad. I’ll turn into a rabbit if I eat any more lettuce. ”

But Dad laughed and sent them out into the garden to play saying, “Better do as we are told, kids. Your mother will fix you up or we’ll get into trouble. ”

The morning passed quickly. The children had a terrific time playing hide-and-seek with William and Sally, the children next door.

At eleven o’clock Sally and William’s mother gave them a plate of chocolate biscuits and glasses of lemonade. Then they went into the garden to help to fix the fence.

As lunchtime came near Daniel and Kitty went home. It suddenly became chilly, heavy clouds made the sky dark. It began raining. The air was damp and cold. “Lovely weather for rotten salad,” said Kitty sarcastically.

At home they were surprised to see a strange man sitting at the kitchen table with Dad. They each had a glass of beer. Dad looked very pleased. “This is Bill, an old friend of mine whom I haven’t seen for years.” Bill looked at his watch. “Well, if your lady-wife isn’t coming home, why don’t we all go down the road and get fish and chips?”

The children jumped up and down, screamimg with delight. Dad looked at them, then at the fridge door, then at his watch. “Well... Never mind. Come on! But you’d better promise not to tell your mother.”

“We won’t,” cried the children.

When Mum’s key turned in the lock, Dad and Daniel were watching a film on television and Kitty was playing with her teddy bear. Mum kissed her. “Hello, love, have you had a lovely day?” Kitty nodded.

“And what about salad for lunch?” asked Mum. Kitty went red. She couldn’t tell lies and disliked cheating. So she told Mum what had happened.

Mum marched into the sitting room. Kitty crept after. “Well, was it good, having a salad of fish and chips?” Mum asked standing between Dad and the TV. Dad looked guilty but Mum was smiling. “Well, if you must know, I met Bill on my way home. And he told me about your lunch.” “And you don’t mind?” asked Dad.

“Course not. I’m not a witch, you know. Didn’t I say I’m making something you like for supper?” “What is it, Mum?” asked Kitty. “Fish and chips,” said Mum.

“Oh no,” they all said and then they started to laugh.

No. 5. Exercise 52. Listen to the text “Malcolm’s Story” and try to read it in the same manner.

См. учебник, с. 29.

No. 6. Exercise 70. Listen to the poem “The Road Not Taken” and read it after the speaker.

См. учебник, с. 42.

Unit 2

No. 7. Exercise 2. Listen to the questions and answer them.

1. What is the usual school age in Russia?

2. How long do children in Russia stay in primary schools?

3. What subjects do they do there?

4. Is religion taught in all Russian schools?

5. Are foreign languages taught in Russian primary schools? When do Russian children start learning foreign languages?

6. How many foreign languages do they usually learn?

7. Do Russian schoolchildren have any outdoor classes? What are they like?

8. How can you compare primary schools in Russia and in England?

9. Is primary school formal or informal in Russia? What kind of atmosphere would you like to have in your primary school? In school in general?

No. 8. Exercise 14. Listen to the text “Secondary Education in Britain” and do the tasks in your Student’s Book.

См. учебник, с. 53.

No. 9. Exercise 37. Listen to some classroom phrases and repeat them after the speaker.

См. учебник, с. 67.

No. 10. Exercise 53. Listen to the text “Let There Be Peace” and do tasks B and C in your Student’s Book.

Let There Be Peace

A wise old gentleman retired and bought a small house in new surroundings. There was a junior school nearby. He spent the first few weeks in his new home in peace reading books about legendary historic characters, works of great philosophers and even fairy tales full of wizards and witches. Occasionally some people passed his house. Evidently they were going to the school to enrol their children there. Rarely in the morning he could see the school caretaker near the solid stone wall of the schoolyard.

Then a new school year began. The next afternoon three young boys full of youthful, after-school enthusiasm came down his street. They were messing around beating loudly on every trash can there was. That continued day after day. The wise old gentleman didn’t like that awful noise. He understood he couldn’t force the children to stop it. It wasn’t even possible to warn them. They wouldn’t listen and would be able to make his life even worse. But something had to be done. Concentrating on this complicated problem the wise old gentleman thought of a plan and hoped it would work. What do you think he decided to do?

The next afternoon he walked out to meet the three boys. Stopping them he said, “You kids have a lot of fun. I like to see you express your feelings like that. When I was your age, I used to do the same thing and not too rarely I assure you. Will you do me a favour? I’ll give you each a dollar if you promise to come around every day and do your thing.” The kids were happy.

After a few days, the old man greeted the kids again, but this time there was a sad smile on his face.

“We are living in hard times,” he said, “and I’m not made of money. From now on, I’ll only be able to pay you 50 cents to beat on the bins.” The noisemakers were very displeased, but they agreed to continue their afternoon “concerts”.

A few days later the gentleman talked to the boys again. “Look,” he said, “I haven’t got my money yet, so I won’t be able to give you more than 25 cents. Will that be okay?”

“What? Twenty-five cents?” the boys exclaimed. “If you think we’re going to waste our time beating these trash cans for this money, you’re crazy. No way, mister.” With these words the boys vanished. The old gentleman felt quite relieved: he knew that he would enjoy peace and quiet for the rest of his days.

No. 11. Exercise 59. Listen to the text “Hogwarts” and try to read it in the same manner.

См. учебник, с. 78.

No. 12. Exercise 77. Listen to the poem “A Red, Red Rose” and read it after the speaker.

См. учебник, с. 90.

Unit 3

No. 13. Exercise 1. Listen to the questions and answer them.

1. How often do you and your parents go to the shops?

2. To what shops do you usually go: local food shops, big shopping centres, supermarkets or markets? What does your choice of shops depend on?

3. Do you prefer shopping for food or shopping for clothes? Why?

4. Do you like window shopping? Why (not)?

5. Do you need your parents’ or your friends’ advice when you choose your clothes? Do you ever follow the shop assistant’s advice? Do you ever go shopping on your own?

6. Do you like choosing presents for your friends or relatives? What presents do you usually buy and where?

7. Have you got any pocket money? What do you spend it on? If you were given more pocket money, what would you spend it on?

8. Do you save money? If you do, what are you planning to buy with it? Do you think it is important to save money?

No. 14. Exercise 15. Listen to the interview about the British shops and do the tasks in your Student’s Book.

См. учебник, с. 103.

No. 15. Exercise 38. Listen to how a shop assistant talks to the customer and repeat the phrases.

См. учебник, с. 117.

No. 16A. Exercise 54. Listen to the text “The Verger”, part 1 and do tasks B and C in your Student’s Book.

The Verger

(After W. S. Maugham)

Part 1

Edward Foreman still wore his verger’s gown that afternoon at St Peter’s church. He had been verger for 16 years and was proud of his job. Everybody liked and respected him. He did a lot of things and always looked dignified in his church outfit whether it was a wedding or a funeral. That day he was waiting for the new vicar. The vicar had come to work at the church a week before and the verger disliked him. Edward disliked the way the vicar spoke, the way he dressed. He understood that the feeling of dislike was ridiculous but couldn’t help it. The vicar’s brand new shoes, his white starched collar and tie irritated Edward. With reluctance the verger thought he would rather go home than speak with the vicar. As it turned out he had a good reason for his dislike.

When the vicar came at last and said that he had found out that Edward Foreman could neither read nor write. In the vicar’s opinion that was hardly possible for any verger and he told Edward that it was necessary to learn reading and writing.

“I’m afraid I can’t now, sir,” said the verger. “It is not worth even trying. I’m too old a dog to learn it.”

“In that case, Foreman, I’m afraid you must go,” said the vicar firmly.

The verger’ s face hadn’t shown any signs of emotion, but became quite stiff. He said that he quite understood, but when he had closed the door of the church behind him, he felt immensely sad. He walked slowly with a heavy heart. He didn’t know what to do with himself.

No. 16B. Exercise 55. Listen to the text “The Verger”, part 2 and do tasks B and C in your Student’s Book.

Part 2

Edward had saved a small sum of money but it was not enough to live on without doing anything, and life cost more and more every year. The verger was walking along the street, his long scarf flapping in the wind. He thought that a cigarette could help him. Since he was not a smoker and never had any cigarettes in his pockets, he looked for a shop where he could buy a packet of good cigarettes. It was a long street with all sorts of shops in it but there was not a single one where you could buy cigarettes.

“That’s strange,” said Edward. “Why shouldn’t I open a little shop here? Tobacco and Sweets. That’s an idea.”

He turned, walked home and had his tea. He thought the matter over and the next day he went to look for a suitable shop. And within a week the shop was opened. Edward Foreman did very well. Soon he decided to open another shop. That was a success too. In the course of ten years he had ten shops and was making a lot of money. Every Monday he went to all his shops, collected the week’s takings and took them to the bank.

One morning the bank manager said that he wanted to talk to him.

“Mr Foreman,” he said. “You have 30 thousand pounds in the bank. It’s a large sum of money. You should invest it. ”

There was a troubled look on Mr Foreman’s face. “And what will I have to do?” he asked.

“Oh, you needn’t worry,” the banker smiled. “All you have to do is to read and sign the papers.”

“That’s the trouble, sir,” exclaimed Mr Foreman. “I can sign my name but I can’t read.” The manager was so surprised that he jumped up from his seat. He couldn’t believe his ears.

“Good God, man, what would you be now if you had been able to read?!”

“I can tell you that, sir,” said Mr Foreman. “I would be verger of St Peter’s church.”

No. 17. Exercise 63. Listen to the text “Getting Dressed for the Big School” and try to read it in the same manner.

См. учебник, с. 129.

No. 18. Exercise 81. Listen to the poem “Leisure” and read it after the speaker.

См. учебник, с. 143.

Unit 4

No. 19. Exercise 1. Listen to the questions and answer them.

1. All the knowledge people have is traditionally divided into arts and sciences. What do arts study and what do sciences study?

2. The basics of what sciences do you study at school? Which of them do you like and why?

3. What great discoveries in the history of human civilization can you name?

4. What is the contribution of Russia to the progress of science and technology?

5. What fields of science are better developed in Russia? Why is it important for a country to develop its own science and technology?

6. Some people say “The world of science has no borders”. In what way is it true?

7. How do science and technology do harm to people? What can be done not to allow this?

8. How in your view will science and technology help to change the life on the planet in the future? What will people’s life be like at the turn of the next century?

No. 20. Exercise 12. Listen to the text “The Man and His Work” and do task A in your Student’s Book.

См. учебник, с. 150.

No. 21. Exercise 35. Listen to the notices and repeat them.

См. учебник, с. 164.

No. 22. Exercise 53. Listen to the text “Is There Life in Space?” and do tasks B and C in your Student’s Book.

Is There Life in Space?

On a clear night you can see many stars in the sky. Some of them can be seen with a naked eye, to see others you require special equipment. A modern telescope can give you the advantage of seeing stars that are millions of miles away. Scientists want to know what the stars are like. Are they balls of fire? Do they have rocks or sands, like our moon? Besides, there is another question they cannot answer. Are there living things on any of the stars? And if there are, do they have intellect?

This question has always bothered people. But it was not possible to find the answer before now. Now scientists know more about space than ever before. Because now they have a variety of machines helping them to look for the answer.

Unfortunately people can’t go to the stars and satisfy their desire for knowledge: the stars are much too far away. In case a person flew to the nearest star in a spaceship, it would take him hundreds of years. So scientists are sending out radio signals and carefully recording all the information they get.

The radio signals go through space at the speed of light. At that speed, it will take 25 years for radio signals to reach the nearest star. Scientists predict that living things in space must have machines to hear the signals. We will not get an answer to our signals for more than 50 years. But scientists are already listening. They think someone from space may be trying to send signals to us. And, who knows, maybe in the near future we will see the so-called extraterrestrial “in flesh and blood” as the expression goes.

Scientists also have sent large telescopes into space. The telescopes are looking out into space supplying us with scientific information. And above all, they are looking for life in other worlds, the problem that can leave no one indifferent.

No. 23. Exercise 62. Listen to the text “The Surgeon” and try to read it in the same manner.

См. учебник, с. 174.

No. 24. Exercise 83. Listen to the poem “The Cloud-Mobile” and read it after the speaker.

См. учебник, с. 191.

Unit 5

No. 25. Exercise 1. Listen to the questions and answer them.

1. To what places do people usually go when they go travelling?

2. What makes people go travelling?

3. Do more people go travelling on business or for pleasure?

4. What are the most popular means (methods) of travelling?

5. What are the advantages and disadvantages of going by air, by sea, by train, by car, by bus, on foot?

6. In what way have the means of travelling changed since old times to nowadays?

7. How often do you go travelling? To what places?

8. What makes a journey enjoyable or hateful?

9. What do you usually take with you when you go travelling? What do you bring home from a travel?

10. Where would you go if you had a chance? Why?

No. 26. Exercise 14. Listen to the text about Canada and do task A in your Student’s Book.

См. учебник, с. 197.

No. 27. Exercise 45. A. Listen to the proper way of asking for directions and repeat the phrases.

См. учебник, с. 217.

B. Listen to the proper way of giving directions and repeat the phrases.

См. учебник, с. 217.

C. Listen to the sample dialogues and repeat them.

Dialogue 1: — How do I get to Central Station?

— Go diagonally across the park, you’ll see the Central Station on your right.

Dialogue 2: — Could you help me, please? Where’s the nearest underground station?

— Take the second turning to the right, you’ll see the station on your left. You can’t miss it.

Dialogue 3: — How long will it take me to get to Central Station?

— It’s not far from here. It’s just round the corner.

Dialogue 4: — Is this the right platform for London Bridge?

— No, it isn’t. Walk up the stairs and turn left. You need Platform Four.

No. 28. Exercise 48. Listen to the dialogue and act it out.

См. учебник, с. 219.

No. 29. Exercise 60. Listen to the text “Drive in the Motor Car” and do tasks B and C in your Student’s Book.

Drive in the Motor Car

(After Roald Dahl)

At the end of December my mother came over to St Peter’s School to take me and my trunk home for the Christmas holidays. After the term at the boarding school the family reunion was especially happy. There were warm embraces and tears of happiness flowed down my old Nanny’s wrinkled cheeks.

The weather was exceptionally mild that Christmas holiday and one amazing morning our whole family felt thrilled and excited as we were going to go for our first drive in the first motor car we had ever had. This new motor car was an enormous long black French automobile and the driver was to be my half-sister who was twenty-one years old. She had received a couple of driving lessons from the man who sold the car. And in the year of 1925 it was believed to be quite enough. Nobody had to take a driving test.

As we all climbed into the car, our excitement had become really great.

“How fast will it go?” we cried out. “Will it do fifty miles an hour?”

“It’ll do sixty!” the sister answered pulling on her driving-gloves and tying a scarf over her head as was the driving-fashion of the period. Besides driving bareheaded was not very pleasant as our car was an open one.

We were all trembling with fear and joy as the great long black automobile leaned forward and slowly clattered down the road.

“Are you sure you know how to do it?” we shouted.

“Be quiet!” the driver said. “Don’t confuse me: I’ve got to concentrate!”

Down the drive we went. Our destination was the village of Llandaff. Fortunately there were very few vehicles and the road was not rough, so there was little danger of colliding with anything else.

“Go faster!” we shouted. “Go on! Make her go faster! We’re only doing fifteen miles an hour!”

Encouraged by our shouts the driver began to increase the speed. The engine roared and the car vibrated. The driver was clutching the steering wheel as though it were the hair of a sinking man, and we all watched the speedometer needle creeping up to twenty, then twenty-five, then thirty. We were probably doing about thirty-five miles an hour when we came suddenly to a place where the road turned. Our driver, who had never faced a situation like this before, shouted “Help!” and stepped on the brakes and turned the wheel wildly round, after which we went crashing into the hedge. Glass flew in all directions and so did we. My brother and one sister landed on the bonnet of the car, someone else was catapulted out onto the road and at least one small sister landed in the middle of the hedge. But fortunately nobody was hurt except me. My face had been badly cut as I went through the windscreen. My first acquaintance with a motor car had turned into a nightmare.

No. 30. Exercise 67. Listen to the text “Going to Norway” and try to read it in the same manner.

См. учебник, с. 230.

No. 31. Exercise 87. Listen to the poem “Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening” and read it after the speaker.

См. учебник, с. 247.

Unit 6

No. 32. Exercise 1. Listen to the questions and answer them.

1. What do mass media include in your opinion?

2. What new type of mass media has appeared recently?

3. What kind of mass media is the oldest?

4. What kind of mass media is the most popular in Russia?

5. What’s your favourite TV channel? Why?

6. What in your view is the best programme on television?

7. Do you read any newspapers or magazines? What makes them interesting?

8. What can you find in a modern newspaper?

9. Have newspapers changed with time?

10. Have newspapers become unnecessary because of the appearance of television? Why?

11. What’s the role of mass media in the modern world?

No. 33. Exercise 12. Listen to the text “The Press in Britain and Elsewhere” and do task A in your Student’s Book.

См. учебник, с. 254.

No. 34. Exercise 37. A. Listen to the proper way of giving a call and repeat the phrases.

См. учебник, с. 271.

B. Listen to the proper way of receiving a call and repeat the phrases.

См. учебник, с. 271.

C. Listen to the sample dialogues and repeat them.

Dialogue 1: — Hello?

— Mary here. May I have a word with Linda?

— Sorry, Linda is out at the moment. Can I take the message?

— No, thank you. I’ll ring back later.

Dialogue 2: — Hello. Mary speaking. Is Linda there, please?

— Sorry, you have the wrong number.

— Oh, I’m sorry.

Dialogue 3: — Hello. My name is Mary Green. May I have a word with Linda?

— Hold on, please, I’ll just see if she is in. Sorry, Linda is not here.

— Could you take a message? Tell her I’m going away for a week. I’ll call her when I’m back.

— All right.

Dialogue 4: — Hello? Mr Collins? It’s Mary here. May I speak to Linda?

— Hi, Mary. Hold on, please. Linda! That’s for you. Mary is calling.

No. 35. Exercise 55. Listen to the text “Wilful Nadia” and do tasks B and C in your Student’s Book.

Wilful Nadia

In the distant land of glorious palms, sand and camels where Arab Bedouins move their tents from place to place there lived a girl whom everyone knew as Nadia the Wilful. Though she was illiterate and incapable of doing sums, she had a lot of common sense. Obviously she was a gifted girl. Her talents were unlimited, but she always had her own way. She was also kind and generous.

Nadia’s father Sheik Tarik had six sons besides Nadia. Hamed, the eldest, was his favourite child. One day Hamed got on his father’s Arabian horse and with some men rode to the west heading for new grazing grounds for the sheep. The life of the Bedouins much depended on good grazing grounds. They waited for him for a long time before some news arrived. But that was sad news. Hamed and his people had a battle. Hamed was wounded. His injuries were severe and he soon died. But the battle was not wasted. Now Sheik Tarik had a lot of land with good green grass.

Everyone was in grief. Nadia screamed and cried passionately and fiercely and nobody could stop her for a long time. Then at some point Tarik couldn’t bear the grief any longer and ordered never to mention his son’s name.

“I’d punish anyone who will remind me of Hamed, this gift of Heavens which I have lost.” Like the rest, Nadia saw the dangerous flames in her father’s eyes and had to obey.

One day as Nadia idly passed the place where her little brothers were playing, she stopped to watch them. They were absorbed in one of the games that Hamed had taught her. But the little boys were playing it wrong. Without thinking Nadia called out to them. “You’re wasting your time! That’s not the way Hamed taught me to play it.” And she told them Hamed’s rules of the game and she told them of other marvellous games Hamed had taught her. The more Nadia spoke of Hamed the better she remembered him and those memories filled her heart.

And then she went to her father and bravely spoke to him. “Talking of Hamed helps me to remember him,” she said and began speaking of Hamed to her father. She spoke of their walks and jokes and what he had taught her and the marvellous stories he had told her. Nadia’s words made the Sheik cry but they also made him feel better. It was like Hamed was with them again.

“Tell my people to come before me,” he said. “I have something to say to them.”

When all were assembled, Tarik said, “From this day forward, let my daughter Nadia be known not as Wilful but as Wise, for she has given me back my beloved son.” And so it was. And Hamed lived again in the hearts of those who remembered him.

No. 36. Exercise 56. Listen to some geographical names and repeat them.

No. 37. Exercise 64. Listen to the text “How I Became a Writer” and try to read it in the same manner.

См. учебник, с. 283.

No. 38. Exercise 83. Listen to the poem “If —” and read it after the speaker.

См. учебник, с. 299.