Английский язык - Книга для учителя 8 класс О. В. Афанасьева - 2015 год
Аудиокурс к контрольным заданиям - Приложения
Script 1 to Test One
Speaker One. My name is Robert Winston. I’m fifty. When I was at school, science was taught by demonstration. For biology we went out on field trips, looking at botany.
For physics and chemistry we did many experiments which health and safety now do not allow. In my first chemistry lesson there was an explosion in the laboratory, filling it with smoke. It was a complete surprise and a great demonstration. It is very sad that it couldn’t be done today. Science now is taught in theory.
Speaker Two. I’m Kathy Sykes. Much of my school science was hard to understand. It seemed a mass of facts we needed to learn, discovered by people long dead. An amazing physics teacher changed all that. He explained that physics was about models of the world. He said much of what we’d learnt wasn’t quite true — things were simplified. When a model stopped working, it should be replaced by a new one. For me it opened up space for creativity. It became clear that science was a place of discovery — not dead or dull facts.
Speaker Three. I’m Steve Jones. I went to a grammar school and we learned Maths, Physics and Chemistry mostly from dry and boring texts. And although I still remember how to make ammonia from hydrogen and nitrogen, nobody ever explained to me why I need to know it and where it fits into science. Because of one excellent teacher, biology was better — but I got my enthusiasm for the subject not from school but from books.
Speaker Four. My name is Trevor Bayliss. When I was at school, we did a lot of experiments. At the age of 14 I made my first diesel engine, much to my parents’ surprise. We learned about telephones using wire-linked headphones in different rooms. The memories I have of science classes include smoke, poisonous gases and the occasional explosion. We made our own fireworks at school for Guy Fawkes’ Night, using magnesium and bangers. I have nothing but admiration for the teachers who led us along and made science so enjoyable.
Speaker Five. I’m Agatha McKenzie. I was always bad at science at school. There always seemed to be much effort involved in learning formulas or diagrams. The rotten egg smell going down the corridor once a year was the only exciting thing about science in school. I’m much more interested in it now than I was then. I have begun to realize the importance of science — just in small things like washing your hands. Teaching science at school can be made more interesting and relevant by taking it out of the classroom.
Script 2 to Test Two
From the interview Bill Bryson gave to The Independent
The idea about the book A Short History of Nearly Everything was to try and make science exciting to people.
My idea was that science had to be more interesting than it was made out to be to me when I was at school in America. Science courses, it seems to me, were a bit dull.
In principle, I’m very interested in science but I had never studied the subject. Obviously, there are two types of people when it comes to learning science at school — those who are going to go and have careers in physics and chemistry and a whole large group of the rest of us who should be coming out of school with at least some understanding of science.
My knowledge of science was extremely elementary when I started working on the book. I knew practically nothing. What I could get out of the research for this book is an extremely superficial understanding of the subject. I didn’t really understand physics any more than I did when I started working on it.
What I had got out of the exercise, though, was how scientists have gone about finding things out — how they know what they know.
For example, I found it fascinating how a scientist could look at two different formations of rocks and say that one was 250 million years old and that one is 850 million years old. How do they know that?
Those are the kind of questions that I imagined other people in the same position as me would like to find the answers to.
Script 3 to Test Three
I hope that in schools there will be pupils sufficiently interested and excited by the same questions that interest me, and they will decide to take up science as a subject themselves as a result of reading the book. The book is meant to show them that science can be a kind of entertainment. The idea is that people read it and they feel entertained.
The reason the book turned out the way it did was that I could only go so far, and what I learned and understood about science could be learned and understood by anyone.
The book sells fantastically well in the UK and it has also done well in the United States and Germany. I’m donating the money that I’m making from the sale of the books to school for some sort of award for pupils.
I don’t know, really, if there are enough pupils taking up science at school. I think there is a tremendous future for scientists. Nowadays a lot of people seem to be obsessed with media studies. Then they come out of school and they’re unemployable and can’t find a job. A practical science qualification would be a useful qualification.
Script 4 to Test One
You may have heard some talk about Greenslade School. Greenslade School is rather notorious. We are always talked about, but unfortunately most of the talk is by people who are not well informed about the things we are trying to do in this school.
The majority of the children here could be generally classified as difficult. It is probably so because many children in this area have always been poorly fed, clothed and housed. The total income of many of these families is not good enough for the minimum of food, warmth and dry shelter necessary for good health. Some of these children are from homes where parents are chronically unemployed. They don’t have jobs and in many cases don’t show any interest in finding any (jobs). The very nature of the children’s environment makes them able to show a lot of disrespect to any authority. Many of the pupils smoke, use bad language and are often very rude. We, the teachers, try our best to discourage them of such things and to help them in the pressures and tensions of their lives. We do not believe in discipline based on some kind of punishment. In this school we believe that pupils are not children but men and women in process of development, and this development shouldn’t be forced on them by teacher. We think that our children deserve respect and we try to give them affection, confidence and guidance because in our view they are their most immediate needs. Only a small part of their day is spent in the security of this school. Many more hours they spend in this neighbourhood had often have unsatisfactory influences.
Script 5 to Test Two
A. All pupils want to do their best at school, but many do not succeed. Is it just that others are smarter? Is it that others spend every hour of every day on homework and never have any fun? Some pupils really get and store information more easily than others, and some schoolchildren spend huge amounts of time studying. But the real difference between a good pupil and a bad one comes down to one thing: planning. Make a plan and it may save you hours or days of needless study and worry.
B. Hand-held calculators are so inexpensive that most families and many schools have them. Such calculators make problems with addition, subtraction, multiplication and division of whole numbers very easy. Calculators can also be used to solve other problems. Although no two calculators are exactly alike, all have some characteristics in common. Almost all hand-held calculators have a memory feature, but surveys have shown that most people don’t use it.
C. People constantly compare things. It may be easy to say that one subject is bigger or heavier than another, but to answer questions like “How big?”, “How heavy?” requires a more exact way of comparing. The data scientists gather must be available to people so that they can use the information in their own work. The metric system is in common use in most countries and by scientists all over the world. The basic unit of length in it is the metre. This system is a decimal system. Each unit is related by a factor of ten.
D. Few people have trouble learning everyday words such as house, man, dog, run. The words that give trouble are less common. They are usually long and often refer to abstract ideas. These long words are often made up of smaller pieces whose meanings are easy to learn. These parts of words are roots, prefixes and suffixes. Once you learn some of the common roots, prefixes and suffixes you can guess the meanings of many other unfamiliar words and know many more of them.
E. Many readers begin to have trouble when they start to read passages about unfamiliar subjects. These readers may be able to recognize or pronounce all the words but they cannot tell what a sentence means because they do not know the meaning of an essential word. For such readers, an important step to improving their reading is to enlarge their vocabulary. In many cases the context will help. Do not forget to look up unknown or difficult words in dictionaries either.
Script 6 to Test Three
Ralf: Hi, Patrick. It’s been a long time. I haven’t seen you since spring. Have you been away?
Patrick: I spent three months in Calcutta, India, working as a volunteer.
Ralf: Wow! What kind of work did you do?
Patrick: I helped homeless children in a small drop — in centre. That’s a place where children can sit and talk about their problems and get some food too.
Ralf: It sounds like homeless kids is a serious problem in India.
Patrick: It really is. In Calcutta alone there are thousands of them. We helped the kids living in one of the big railway stations.
Ralf: Railway children in the 21st century? What a shame! How do they survive?
Patrick: Some of them try to earn a little money by helping porters, others may gather rubbish to sell, but most just steal money from the passengers. If they didn’t beg or steal, they would probably starve to death.
Ralf: But what about their families? How does it happen that children find themselves in this horrible situation?
Patrick: In many cases, the children have run away from home or have been thrown out. Most were beaten by their parents and decided to try to find a better life. There are also stories of kids who simply lost their family at the station.
Ralf: Street children usually have all sorts of illnesses.
Patrick: It’s true. Many of the children are very ill or injured and need medical help urgently.
Ralf: If no one takes care of them, there’s no chance for these kids to go to school or to get any kind of education. Am I right?
Patrick: I’m afraid it is very much so. Though, in some cases, charity organizations help the kids to join learning projects. It may give them a chance one day to become like all those passengers they see at the station and envy.
Script 7 to Test One
Barbara. I have to admit that I often shopped online the last two months and I bought dozens of goods such as clothes, a watch, flowers, a cell phone, earrings and some other small things. Most of them are good and cheap but a few of them are not to my liking. Shopping online you may get cheated and shopping sites can disappear too. When you shop online, you make mistakes more often than in ordinary shops and you have more chances to order the wrong items. Last time I spent more money than I used to do.
Dave. I do buy online very often, and I have never had any problem. I’m shopping sitting in my comfortable chair and I don’t spend hours on it. The way to pay for the goods is very convenient too as you can use different kinds of payment means — credit cards or your bank account transfer. I have never had a single problem shopping online. It is very practical, especially if you, like me, hate queuing up for a long time.
Margaret. Online shopping will allow you to buy any crazy size, style or colour and in most cases bring it to your home overnight, but it won’t take it back. I once tried to order a blouse I saw online. I had seen the blouse in the store while shopping with my sister one day but it was a little too expensive there. Online the blouse was much cheaper and it had my size. But when the blouse arrived, I can’t tell you how horrible it looked. It wasn’t the blouse I had seen in the picture online, and certainly not the blouse in the store. There wasn’t even any need to try it on, because the blouse was obviously too small for me. And to make things worse the online shop didn’t agree to take it back.
Danny. I shop online very often. Mostly for items not readily available at the local stores such as books, music CDs, electronics. Shopping online you can find things like old cameras or music CDs that are no longer in print or other valuable goods produced centuries ago. Some people think that paying is a problem but it’s safer to use a credit card online than in a department store, and there are so many tools to help you find the right product. You can easily find websites for product reviews and price comparison. There are also special online coupons and discounts. So you can pay less and save money in the process.
Ann. Online shopping is definitely not the answer to the type of shopping I and my friends and family prefer. Shopping should not only be a means to get goods and services as you need them. It is also a way to socialize and come together, and have positive human relationships. In other words actual shopping is a social event. I’m sure it should be fun and enjoyable. You can’t get that through your computer no matter what function key you press. Ordering over the Internet I can’t taste, smell and see the things I buy. I can only see them in a photograph.
Script 8 to Test Two
The Mall of America
Do you like shopping? You have come to the right place! The Mall of America in Minnesota has over 520 stores and 50 restaurants, including Bloomingdale’s, Macy’s, Nordstrom and Sears. With free parking, with no tax on clothing and shoes, it is easy to enjoy all that the Mall of America has to offer.
• If shopping is not your main intention at the Mall of America, visit the many attractions inside the largest shopping and entertainment complex in the United States. Nickelodeon Universe theme park brings famous characters to life. There are 30 000 live plants and 400 live trees planted in Nickelodeon Universe.
• Seven Yankee Stadiums would fit inside the Mall of America. The Mall of America is located on the former Metropolitan Sports Stadium.
• The Mall of America’s 13 300 tons of steel is nearly twice the amount in the Eiffel Tower.
• Walking distance around one level of the Mall of America is half a mile.
• Spending 10 minutes in every store would take a shopper more than 86 hours to complete their visit to the Mall of America.
• More than 5000 couples have been married at the Mall of America since its opening in August 1992.
Script 9 to Test Three
Confessions of a Shopaholic
In New York, Rebecca Bloomwood is shown as an addicted consumer that cannot resist buying fashionable clothes and outfits in expensive fancy shops.
Rebecca has several debts with the credit cards.
She writes articles for a gardening magazine. She has hundreds of clothes and accessories, and a lot of debt. She dreams of working in the fashion magazine Alette. On her way to an interview at Alettemagazine she finds a green scarf in a window. Rebecca thinks that the scarf is perfect. Even the mannequin in the window is telling her that she should buy it. Anyhow, the girl doesn’t have enough money; she lies, saying that she needs the scarf for her sick aunt. So a man in the line gives her twenty dollars to get her out of the way. With the scarf Rebecca walks into the office, but the receptionist tells her that the vacancy has just been filled.
When Rebecca loses her job, she sends an offensive letter to the editor Luke Brandon from the financial magazine Successful Saving and an article to Alette to show her potential. However, by chance she mixes up the correspondences in the mailbox. As a result, Luke Brandon hires her to write a column called “The Girl in the Green Scarf” in his magazine using a simple language and metaphors that could be easily understood by common people. Meanwhile Derek Smeath is chasing Rebecca. His job is to make people pay back the money they owe. She is avoiding him everywhere. She lies again saying that Derek is her ex-boyfriend who follows her.
When her column becomes a success, Rebecca is invited to take part in a talk show and Luke and she fall in love with each other. However, her lies and debts put her in a difficult situation with her audience, her friends and Luke. In the end Rebecca sells all her clothes. Rebecca walks along a block of high-priced stores, the mannequins call to her again to enter the shops, but as she refuses to do it, they start applauding her.
Script 10 to Test One
Five Popular Books
1. Orbital Resonance by John Barnes is a brilliant and very readable book. The main character, 13-year-old Melpomene Murray, takes part in an exciting journey through space aboard the Flying Dutchman. Melpomene lives on the Flying Dutchman, cycling between Earth and Mars, with her parents and her brother and she goes to a very interesting school. The book is written in the form of a school project whose aim is to explain life in space to people on Earth.
2. The book I, Robot by I. Asimov is a series of short stories in which the central character is an elderly robot psychologist named Susan Calvin. She gives an interview shortly before her death. The stories grew from Asimov’s opinion that anyone smart enough to create robots would be smart enough to make sure that those robots would never attack their makers. The stories describe the early history of robotics, the science of building robots. The reader learns about the different stages of robot development. The author thinks that robots are a “better breed” than humans. Though they were created to serve, some day they will become the masters.
3. Glory Season by David Brin recently became a blockbuster. Lysos, the main character, founds a human colony on the isolated planet of Stratos. His idea is to create there a happier life. The result is that most of the population of Stratos consists of financially successful groups of female clones. Stratos is portrayed as a practical feminist society, dominated by clones. A traveller has come from a great distance and threatens to destroy the perfect society on Stratos.
4. The main character of the novel The Time Machine by G. Wells is a scientist whom the author named the Time Traveller. He believes in time travelling. During dinner the Time Traveller tells his guests that he has invented a Time Machine. He shows them a small model, and says that when he switches it on, it disappears into the future. The next week he joins his guests again only to tell them about astonishing adventures which he had while time travelling.
5. The Invisible Man by G. Wells is about a scientist who made himself invisible. Griffin has a laboratory where he works night and day to create a formula that will make him visible again. Finally, he comes into the home of a former college professor who he thinks will be interested in his experiments and help him. Mr Kemp, however, reads in newspapers about Griffin’s terrible crimes against people in the town and reports him to the police. Griffin is caught and killed. After that he becomes visible again.
Script 11 to Test Two
Technology of the Future
With “smart” technology in almost everything around us it is not surprising to hear that now new technology is also making its way to clothes. In Canada they have invented dresses that move to greet people who look at them. First, the clothes appear to be like normal, rather shapeless dresses. However, try looking at them a little longer and they will slowly, but surely, begin moving in your direction. In the dark the smart dresses light up!
The genius behind these creations is Chinese designer Ying Gao who lives in Montreal. He worked in cooperation with robotics engineer Simon Laroche, to create the interactive dresses. In order to keep them as light as possible they used the world’s lightest material — super organza. Then they cleverly fixed tiny electronic devices that monitor admirers and motors that allow the light material to turn toward them. The light up effect is produced by the special photoluminescent thread, with which the dresses are sewn.
The two dresses are now making their way to the Shanghai Museum Of Contemporary Art where they will be on exhibition until spring, after which they will return to their country of origin and be exhibited at the Textile Museum Of Canada in Toronto, for all to admire!
Script 12 to Test Three
For many years the Dutch architect Ramon Knoester has been dreaming of recycling the plastic that is polluting our oceans. His idea is to transform the plastic into a beautiful inhabitable island. He began his work in 2010 after receiving a grant from the Dutch government. Knoester wanted to use plastic from the Pacific Ocean. In the ocean there is the so-called Great Pacific Garbage Patch, a 500-mile area of toxic waste that extends from California to the Sea of Japan. However, as he began working on the plans, he realized that this would be more difficult than he thought because of the cost of removing the plastic from the middle of the ocean. He finally began his experiment in the mouth of the Maas River. This river runs through France, Belgium and the Netherlands carrying along with it trash (mostly plastic) from these countries. All the trash is dumped into the North Sea. Instead of building an island, Knoester decided to begin with floating parks and villas. Working in cooperation with the local government officials, as well as chemists, naval architects and engineers, he has designed a new type of villas. These villas will have beautiful gardens and water filtration systems. The houses will get both solar and wave energy. Though the villas are still in concept phase, the architect hopes to have the first recycled plastic public park floating within a few years. Knoester hasn’t given up his original idea of building a giant recycled island. It will be a real breakthrough in saving the environment! There are of course many problems still left. The first question is the following: will the plastic prove to be a strong enough foundation? And then of course the biggest question of all is if they build it, will people come to live there?
Script 13 to Test One
Doris. Whenever I travel, I prefer to stay at hotels, not with friends, if I have them in the country where I go. I think it is important to be independent. I also like to have as many clothes as I may need, but I never pack them in one travelling bag or a suitcase. I prefer to use two bags rather than one large one. It is more convenient to have dresses, blouses and skirts in a different bag than your shoes or boots. Then if there is no lift in a hotel, I can’t easily carry bags and suitcases upstairs myself. My advice to travellers is: learn to look after yourself.
Brenda. It is especially important for travellers to know how to behave in foreign places. Behaviour, when travelling, is a sure indication of what a person is like. So a little preparation for your future journey, in my opinion, is an absolutely necessary thing. A good knowledge of the language of the country you are to visit is an immense help. It is as good as a purse with a lot of money, as two pairs of eyes, as another pair of ears. At least don’t forget to buy a map or a guidebook with some useful phrases.
Julian. I never take heavy trunks with me when I travel. And not too many boxes, bags or suitcases either. Then if you have a luggage carrier or ask a porter to help you with your luggage, lots of luggage items are most inconvenient. One rucksack that is not very big is quite enough. You can take it into the cabin if you travel by air and thus you don’t have to wait at the airport where you arrive.
William. Whenever I go away, I always think carefully what things to take with me and how to pack them. My golden rule of packing is “When packing a trunk, take care of the corners and the centre will look after itself”. I often put a label with my name and the place of my destination on the trunk or suitcase. Frankly speaking I travel a lot and I have never had my trunks lost or misplaced.
May. While travelling you can’t expect that everything you need you can get at once. Very often you have to wait, and sometimes it can take you more than just a minute. Do not think yourself neglected if waiters at hotels do not bring what you ask for immediately. Always keep in mind that the enjoyment of travelling very much depends on your attitude to the situation. Adapt yourself to it and don’t fly into a temper. You’d better smile and look on the brighter side.
Script 14 to Test Two
The Impressions of Britain
A lot of tourists visit the UK every year. Many of them visit London, the Lake District, Scotland and Wales. What do foreigners think of Britain nowadays? The latest answer to the question is that many visitors to the United Kingdom say that the country is a bit “old-fashioned”, “conservative” and “rather cold”. More than 2 600 people in 13 countries of the world associate Britain with castles, kings and queens, rugby, the Royal Family, stable democracy and depressing grey skies. Some people find the United Kingdom unfriendly. One of the Brazilian tourists who came to England in 2013 wrote: “It is impossible for an affectionate, warm Brazilian to live in a country where people hardly say hello to each other.” But opinions differ. A German visitor to Britain disagrees: “I imagined the UK to be more conservative, more distant. But the people there were fairly warm and friendly. They are quite normal people — like us.”
Script 15 to Test Three
Interview with Mr Sheppard
Interviewer: Mr Sheppard, tourists to the United Kingdom often want to know how the UK was formed. What can you tell them?
Mr Sheppard: Well, this took centuries and a lot of armed struggle was involved. In the 15th century, a Welsh prince, Henry Tudor, became King Henry the Seventh of England. Then his son King Henry the Eighth united England and Wales under one Parliament in 1536.
Interviewer: What about Scotland?
Mr Sheppard: In Scotland a similar thing happened. The King of Scotland got the crown of England and Wales in 1603. He became King James the First of England and Wales, and King James the Sixth of Scotland.
Interviewer: And were the parliaments of England, Wales and Scotland also united at the beginning of the 17th century?
Mr Sheppard: No, that happened a century later in 1707. The United Kingdom is a name that was introduced much later in 1801 when Great Britain became united with Ireland.
Interviewer: Do you mean that the whole of Ireland was united with Great Britain?
Mr Sheppard: Yes. Great Britain and Ireland were one country from 1801 until 1922.
Interviewer: And what happened then?
Mr Sheppard: In 1922, the independent Republic of Ireland was formed on the bigger part of the territory. Northern Ireland became part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
Interviewer: So there are four parts in the UK, aren’t there?
Mr Sheppard: True. Three of them are situated in Great Britain. They are England, Scotland and Wales. Of the four parts that make up Great Britain, England is the largest. Over 46 million people out of the population of the UK live in England. The coasts of England are washed by the North Sea, the Irish Sea, the English Channel and the Strait of Dover. No part of England is more than 120 kilometres from the sea.
Script 16 to Test One
Bob: So what shall we do tonight, Dan?
Dan: I really don’t know. Any ideas, Bob?
Bob: Why don’t we go to the cinema?
Dan: Do you really feel like going there?
Bob: Why not? I’d like to see a good film.
Dan: Then couldn’t we have a nice quiet evening in front of the telly?
Bob: Are you kidding? That’s not my idea of a Saturday night.
Helen: You know, Rick, I’m not fond of sports and games.
Rick: Aren’t you, Helen? I’m not very keen on them either, but sometimes I like to have a swim on a hot day.
Helen: Do you? It’s not really my kind of thing. I’m interested in books. I can say that reading is my hobby.
Rick: You are one of not many. People usually prefer watching television or videos.
Helen: Yes, I know.
Paul: You know, Patricia, Titanic is on again.
Pat: Really? I saw it some years ago.
Paul: I didn’t have a chance to watch it when the film came out in 1997. What do you think of it?
Pat: Oh, I liked it very much. In my view it was absolutely enjoyable. The special effects and the acting — everything was really great.
Paul: I hear James Cameron spent a lot of money on it, the sum mentioned was incredible.
Pat: True. The budget was over 200 million dollars. But it was worth it. I think the film is really different.
Mary: Hi, Grace. I phoned you last night but the mobile was switched off or out of the coverage.
Grace: No wonder. I did switch it off yesterday evening.
Mary: But why, Grace? What was the matter?
Grace: You know, Mary, I just decided to stay in and have a quiet night in front of the telly. I felt tired to do anything else.
Mary: I can’t believe you. As far as I know it’s not the way you usually spend your free time.
Simon: So, James, how often do you go to the cinema nowadays? Remember you were a real cinemagoer at the university.
James: Well, not as often as I used to. These days I usually wait till films come out on video, then buy them or get them for an evening.
Simon: But do you at least sometimes watch films in cinemas?
James: Oh, hardly ever, Simon.
Script 17 to Test Two
Most people know James Cameron as a famous film director. He created The Terminator, Titanic and Avatar. But James is also a sea explorer. In one of the magazine’s articles you can find some details about his expedition to the Mariana Trench1. This is the planet’s deepest place in the Pacific Ocean. People did not visit the Mariana Trench for many years. But they began to be interested in this place in the beginning of the 21st century. On the 26th of March, 2012, James Cameron arrived there and reached the bottom of the Mariana Trench. It took Cameron and his team seven years to prepare for this dangerous trip. He spent three hours in this cold desert-like place, with no sunlight and heavy water pressure. He could hardly see anything and took no pictures. James Cameron is going to make a 3D film about the Mariana Trench. He is going to return to this place in the world’s biggest ocean.
Script 19 to Test Three
Crufts Dog Show
Millions of viewers watch dog shows on television. One of the best loved shows is called Crufts. The show got this name from Charles Cruft, a dog biscuit seller. In 1878 Charles Cruft, a young Englishman, organized the dog show in France, as a part of the Paris Exhibition. That gave him the idea to have a dog show in Britain too. He went back to England and created Crufts.
Now Crufts is more than 100 years old. It is a gigantic show that takes place in Birmingham every year. It has been recognized by the Guinness Book of Records as the largest dog show in the world. It lasts 4 days and attracts dog lovers from all continents. Thousands of dogs take part in different competitions and demonstrations.
At a special section of Crufts called “Discover Dogs” visitors can see different breeds of dogs. They can talk to dog experts too. It’s perfect for someone who wants a dog, but doesn’t know what kind to get.
Young dog lovers have a club of their own. Its members have their own special events at Crufts and take part in a number of competitions. The aim of the club is to encourage interest in the care, training and all sorts of other activities connected with dogs. The club has a great idea for those who don’t want to leave their dogs during the holidays. They organize a summer camp for kids and dogs.
1 a trench [trent∫] - зд. впадина