ВАРИАНТ 5 - ПИСЬМЕННАЯ ЧАСТЬ

Английский язык ОГЭ-2018 10 тренировочных вариантов экзаменационных работ для подготовки к основному государственному экзамену

ВАРИАНТ 5 - ПИСЬМЕННАЯ ЧАСТЬ

Раздел 1. ЗАДАНИЯ ПО АУДИРОВАНИЮ

1. Вы два раза услышите четыре коротких диалога, обозначенных буквами А, В, С и D. Установите соответствие между диалогами и гаджетами, о которых говорится в диалоге: к каждому диалогу подберите соответствующее название гаджета, обозначенное цифрами. Используйте каждое название гаджета из списка 1-5 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее название гаджета.

1. Computer.

2. Fridge.

3. Electric kettle.

4. Vacuum cleaner.

5. Cooker.

Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.

Ответ:

Диалог

A

В

С

D

Гаджет





2. Вы два раза услышите пять высказываний, обозначенных буквами А, В, С, D, Е. Установите соответствие между высказываниями и утверждениями из следующего списка: к каждому высказыванию подберите соответствующее утверждение, обозначенное цифрами. Используйте каждое утверждение из списка 1-6 только один раз. В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение.

1. The speaker says that he/she uses it for peaceful purposes.

2. The speaker thinks that it’s extremely useful.

3. The speaker admits having a sweet tooth.

4. The speaker says that it’s a multifunctional thing for him/her.

5. The speaker talks about his/her bad memory.

6. The speaker says that it helps him/her to achieve the aim.

Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.

Ответ:

Говорящий

А

В

С

D

Е

Утверждение






Вы услышите разговор двух подростков. В заданиях 3—8 в поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.

3. Susie’s parents haven’t decided on

1) the place to travel to.

2) the time to go there.

3) the way to go there.

Ответ:____________ .

4. Max prefers travelling

1) by car.

2) with his dad.

3) driving a car himself.

Ответ:____________ .

5. Susie’s family prefer to fly because

1) none of them drives.

2) it is cheaper.

3) her parents’ holidays are too short.

Ответ:____________ .

6. Susie prefers staying in hotels because

1) they don’t like to take tents with them.

2) it is cheap enough.

3) she likes to feel comfortable.

Ответ:____________ .

7. They are going to save money by

1) renting a car.

2) hiring a local guide.

3) doing without a local guide.

Ответ:____________ .

8. Max promises Susie to

1) provide her with a good guide book.

2) find a good guide.

3) write to her about the place.

Ответ:____________ .

По окончании выполнения заданий 1—8 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего задания, начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в заданиях 1 и 2 цифры записываются без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов. Каждую цифру пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

Раздел 2. ЗАДАНИЯ ПО ЧТЕНИЮ

9. Прочитайте тексты и установите соответствие между текстами и их заголовками: к каждому тексту, обозначенному буквами А-G, подберите соответствующий заголовок, обозначенный цифрами. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании есть один лишний заголовок.

1. Absolute honesty

2. The cost of education

3. Just choosing

4. Informal teaching

5. Another application

6. Optional teaching

7. Needed move

8. Uncertain parents

A. At the beginning of your last year at school you receive an application form. On this form you choose up to five universities that you would like to go to. The form is sent to those universities with information from your school about you and your academic results. If the universities are interested in your application, they will ask you to attend an interview and will offer you a place. Any offer, however, is only conditional at this stage.

B. А-level examinations are the exams taken at the end of your time at school. So, when a university makes an offer, it will tell you the minimum grades that you must get on your а-level exam. If you don’t get those grades, then you will not be accepted and you will have to apply again to another university.

C. Like all British universities, Oxford is a state university not a private one. Students are selected on the basis of their results in the national examination or the special Oxford entrance examination. There are many applicants and nobody can get a place by paying. Successful candidates are admitted to a special college of the university: that will be their home for the next three years and for a longer period if they would like to go on studying for a postgraduate degree.

D. An undergraduate will spend an hour a week with his or her ‘tutor’; perhaps in the company of one other student. Each of them will have written an essay for the tutor, which serves as the basis for discussion, arguments, the exposition of ideas and academic methods. At the end of the hour the students go away with a new essay and a list of books that might be helpful in preparing for the essay.

E. Lectures and seminars are other kinds of teaching; popular lecturers can attract audience from several faculties, while others may find themselves speaking to two or three loyal students or maybe to no-one at all. In practice, most students at Oxford are enthusiastic about academic life and many of them work for days on each essay, sometimes sitting up through the night with a wet towel round their heads.

F. Most 18 and 19 year-olds in Britain are rather independent people, and when the time comes to pick a college, choose one as far away from home as possible. So, many students in northern and Scottish universities come from England and vice versa. It’s very unusual for students to live at home. Although parents may be a little sad to see this happen, they usually have to approve of this step and see it as a necessary part of becoming an adult.

G. Students all over the world have to work for their education. A college education in the USA is expensive. The costs are so high that most families begin to save for their children’s education when their children are the babies. Even so, many young people cannot afford to pay the expenses of full-time college work. They do not have enough money to pay for school costs. Tuition for attending the university, books for classes, and dormitory costs are high. There are other expenses such as chemistry and biology laboratories fees and special student activity fees.

Запишите в таблицу выбранные цифры под соответствующими буквами.

Ответ:

Текст

A

В

С

D

E

F

G

Заголовок








Прочитайте текст. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений 10—17 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 — True), какие не соответствуют (2 — False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 — Not stated). В поле ответа запишите одну цифру, которая соответствует номеру правильного ответа.

Investing in Memories

Му uncle had a moustache, a good job in the Civil Service and used to smoke forty cigarettes a day. But when he organized day trips for our family he used to behave like a boy. Today, seventy years later, we still talk about the wonderful trips to the sea our uncle used to organize when we were children.

He organized the trips very carefully. He used to buy the railway tickets and write special programmes long before the day arrived so we began to look forward to the trip. On the cover of the programme was the name of the place we were visiting and a humorous drawing of everyone in the family. There was even a lucky number on each programme and the winner didn’t have to carry the bags on the way home.

All through the day he organized games and competitions. In his view, all the games had to be slightly anti-social. So if the programme said ‘4p.m.: Annual Ladies and Gentlemen match’, the match would always take place, even if the beach was very crowded. He organised treasure hunts, modelling competitions with seaweed, shells and bits of wood from the beach, and other events. There would be a special prize for the winner of every competition, usually an old sporting cup from a local junk shop.

Не made sure that there were as many people on the top as possible, and invited neighbours and their children as well to join the family for the day. The fun started as soon as we left home. Even the walk down to the station in the morning used to involve a game (‘the first person to see a policeman gets a point’).

One game we used to play in the car was called T know that lady’. One of us would choose someone walking along the street, and as we approached, the driver sounded the car horn, and everybody waved. The woman wouldn’t understand why we were waving at her and would look puzzled.

He never thought money spent on a well-organized outing was wasted. When his wife complained about the cost of a family day out, he said, ‘Look, it’s not wasting money, it’s investing in memories.’

10. The author’s uncle had a large family.

1) True

2) False

3) Not stated

Ответ:____________ .

11. The author’s uncle made his childhood unforgettable.

1) True

2) False

3) Not stated

Ответ:____________ .

12. They went camping all over the place.

1) True

2) False

3) Not stated

Ответ:____________ .

13. The author’s uncle was rarely inventive.

1) True

2) False

3) Not stated

Ответ:____________ .

14. All the neighbours took part in the family trips.

1) True

2) False

3) Not stated

Ответ:____________ .

15. Some of their games annoyed other people.

1) True

2) False

3) Not stated

Ответ:____________ .

16. The author’s aunt disapproved of her husband’s behavior.

1) True

2) False

3) Not stated

Ответ:____________ .

17. The author’s uncle never regretted about the money spent.

1) True

2) False

3) Not stated

Ответ:____________ .

По окончании выполнения заданий 9—17 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего задания, начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов в задании 9 цифры записываются без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов. Каждую цифру пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

Раздел 3. ЗАДАНИЯ ПО ГРАММАТИКЕ И ЛЕКСИКЕ

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 18—26, так, чтобы они грамматически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 18—26.

18-26.

The Geography of the Russian Soul

There ____________ much mysterious in Russian history, in destiny of the Russian people and the Russian state. The relation between the Russian people and the huge Russian state still ____________ a riddle in the geography of the Russian state.

Russia was influenced by its huge spaces. The Russian people ____________ to form a large state. The Russian soul is encircled by vast Russian fields and deep Russian snows. Russian space ____________ the Russian man instead of the Russian man dominating Russian space. ____________ huge spaces are represented as the geographical factor of Russian history. But from a ____________, more internal point of view such spaces can be considered as the internal, spiritual fact of Russian destiny. It is the Geography of the Russian soul.

In the Russian ____________ there is none of the narrow spirit of the European people. There ____________ none of this carefulness, the economy of space and time and the greatness of culture. Depth, strength, and sympathy are general ____________ of the Russian soul.

BE

REMAIN

FORCE

DOMINATE

THIS

DEEP

MAN

BE

CHARACTERISTIC

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных номерами 27—32, так, чтобы они грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию 27—32.

27-32.

Travelling with Parents

I like travelling because it can ____________ outlook and helps me to understand other cultures. I think that I’m already an experienced ____________.

First of all everything should be ____________ planned. I’m not an adult yet so I travel with my parents. This year we decided to go to Britain.

In Britain we stayed in a small hotel near London. It offered us a wide range of ____________ games, such as tennis and football, and a lot of ____________: boating, canoeing and so on.

____________ was offered for those who wanted to get to remote places choosing scenic routes.

BROAD

TRAVEL

CAREFUL

DIFFER

ACTIVE

CYCLE

По окончании выполнения заданий 18—32 не забудьте перенести свои ответы в БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 1! Запишите ответ справа от номера соответствующего задания, начиная с первой клеточки. При переносе ответов буквы записываются без пробелов, запятых и других дополнительных символов. Каждую букву пишите в отдельной клеточке в соответствии с приведёнными в бланке образцами.

Раздел 4. ЗАДАНИЕ ПО ПИСЬМУ

Для ответа на задание 33 используйте БЛАНК ОТВЕТОВ № 2. При выполнении задания 33 особое внимание обратите на то, что Ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделанным на БЛАНКЕ ОТВЕТОВ № 2. Никакие записи черновика не будут учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необходимость соблюдения указанного объёма письма. Письма недостаточного объёма, а также часть текста письма, превышающая требуемый объём, не оцениваются.

33. You have 30 minutes to do this task.

You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend, Pamela.

... Christmas is coming but, frankly speaking, I am tired of celebrating it in a swimming suit (you know, here in Australia it’s hot on Christmas). Once I found a video about Russian winter in the Internet. I wish I could have such white Christmas!

How do you celebrate Christmas and New Year in Russia? Is it possible to stay outdoors at night while celebrating? Do you always have so much snow?

Write her a letter and answer her 3 questions.

Write 100—120 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.